Optimal Transformer Utilisation Model
UK Power Networks
UKPN Innovation Team
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Innovation Funding Incentive
High Voltage Technology
Cyclic and emergency ratings of power transformers which form an
important consideration regarding reinforcement decisions.
UKPN currently models cyclic ratings and emergency
ratings of power transformers by using a method based on formulae
described in the standards document CP1010 / BS7735 (A Loading
Guide For Oil Immersed Transformers). This model allows the load related
risk on a substation to be quantified in order to prioritise
network reinforcement expenditure. The model predicts the
temperature rise within the transformer, in order to determine a
maximum rating on a daily basis which each transformer can sustain.
It has become apparent by comparing the output of the UKPNs model with the temperatures observed in practice, that
there are some differences. The main causes for differences in
modelled and observed temperature are over-simplifications of the
model, and the absence of effective data for transformer and heat