Aug 2016
Electricity Distribution
Industrial & Commercial Storage
Aug 2016
Apr 2019
Western Power Distribution, Western Power Distribution South West, Western Power Distribution South Wales, Western Power Distribution East Midlands and Western Power Distribution West Midlands
Faithful Chanda
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Network Innovation Allowance
Energy Storage and Demand Response

The battery energy storage trial will initially be conducted at 4 separate WPD depots. In order to test different configurations and better understand the benefits of this project, the locations have been selected with consideration of size, network complexity and occupancy. Also to minimise the risk, it would be ideal to run the project in our own depots. This project will provide improvements in cost efficiency, customer service, reliability, and the environment and will deliver more options for customer connections, derive and design new technical policies and render grid services. Deployed systems will be used to optimise the energy demand of buildings, provide demand–response to the TSO, and to firm up intermittent generation particularly at sites with intermittent generation.  

The three work packages for the delivery of this project are:

1. Review of technologies & contracting time (6 months)

This involves a comprehensive understanding of different technologies and ease of application. Through the tender process, as part of this work package, a number of developers will be asked to provide information on their equipment capability including their benefits and limitations, the installation, operational and repair procedures and their capital and operational costs.

2. Detailed design of trial and experiments (12 months)

In this work package, four sites for the possible installation of a trial in WPD’s network will be selected. Detailed design and modelling will be undertaken to justify the selection of each site, explain the installation procedures and requirements. The trial will conduct various tests, measurements and configurations. The results from the trial will be examined in greater detail with a view to understanding the benefits of installing storage facilities in and around I & C premises.

3. Learning overview and recommendations (6 months)

The final work package will provide an overview of the learning that was captured in the previous two stages of the study. The trial will conclude with a suite of recommendations on the operation, safety, and maintenance of storage devices and response to faults. The final outcome of this project will form the basis for new technical policies, customer propositions and connection agreements.

4. Contingency (6 months)

Some additional time in case there is a requirement to include some more field trials and demonstrations or the project fails to deliver on time.

Investigate the use of I&C storage on WPD’s network in order to:

  1. Defer Investment - Network reinforcement can be too expensive and requires a vast amount of time to respond to low carbon technology (LCT) connections into the low voltage (LV) network;
  2. Alleviate constraints on the distribution system by reducing demand peaks. Allowing transmission and distribution operators to invest, use and exploit energy storage services to strengthen flexibility, reliability and resilience of the grids;
  3. Operate storage for local energy management for triad avoidance;
  4. Maximising on-site consumption;
  5. Grid balancing and other ancillary services, in isolation or in co-operation with other regulated and non-regulated entities;
  6. Clarifying and streamlining the position of storage in different regulatory environments (behind-the-meter, third party service, grid operation);
  7. Assessing the consequences and opportunities of different regulatory options concerning smart grids and proposing a harmonised approach;
  8. Access to flexible markets: The results of all of this work will hopefully combine to open up the market for storage and for flexibility solutions within the electricity system which are a really important part of how we move to a decarbonised electricity system at least cost to the consumer.
  1. Technology of Energy Storage Systems (ESS) - A comprehensive review of technology is presented;
  2. Relationship with Supplier - A case study of how the technology can bring benefits to WPD’s networks is demonstrated and a relationship with suppliers has been established;
  3. Recruitment - Recruiting the right supplier/partner through tender;
  4. Network - Identify trial areas/sites and Customers - WPD depots engaged for trial;
  5. Market - Agree a new set of conditions that allow and incentivise DNOs to operate storage;
  6. Demonstration - Demonstrate enhanced value to the DNO and the customers from deployment of I&C Storage - such as network investment deferral, constraint alleviation and energy savings;
  7. Knowledge - Document and share all key learning that is achieved in order that results should be replicable across all UK DNOs;
  8. Operational - Train new or existing staff to manage the I&C Storage requirements;
  9. Systems - Identify, develop and demonstrate new policies, processes and systems that are required in order for WPD to operate I&C Storage (monitor, control, meter and settle), development of business processes (polices, standard techniques etc.);
  10. Commercial - Connection Agreements agreed.