National Grid Electricity Transmission
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Network Innovation Allowance
The RESNET project is funded by EPSRC to allow researchers from the University of Manchester and the University of Newcastle to
examine the future resilience of the UK electricity network to climate change. The resilience of the UK electricity network is being
addressed on three fronts:
- Representation of changed performance of network components under future climatic conditions (operational resilience):
We shall use reported datasets and models to construct performance curves of the system components under a range of
climatic conditions (e.g. transmission line capacity for given ambient temperature). To represent the range of performance for each component type, and capture uncertainties in data, these will be presented as probability density functions.
- Risk of failure modelling of components under extreme weather events (infrastructure resilience): Fragility functions will be
developed to describe failure of energy infrastructure from weather related phenomena (e.g. probability of transmission tower
collapse as a function of wind speed). Relevant loading variables will be specified for each element and fragility functions
subsequently established by (i) literature review and analysis of past events (e.g. failure patterns during the 1987 storm) (ii)
interaction with our stakeholder partners and (iii) finite element analysis of selected components.
- Whole system modelling: We shall develop quantitative estimates of the effect of climate change on the day-to-day
performance of the electricity grid, first using the existing National Grid and one or more existing distribution networks before
analysing scenarios and adaptations from other work packages. Monte Carlo simulations will be used for each case with the
difference in performance of the system between the base case and the modified cases measured using the following criteria:
Increase in operating cost required to maintain the standard level of service; Quantified demand response or load shedding
needed to maintain service; Probability of customer outages and expected energy not served; Quantity of renewable energy
To address this dual challenge, the project will see the development of a comprehensive approach to analyse, at the UK scale, the
resilience of the electricity network and the development of tools for testing adaptation measures that enhance the resilience of the
network. The project will explore adaptations at a broad spatial scale and over extended timescales (2020, 2050 and 2080)
To understand the impacts of climate change on the GB Transmission system.
Increase in knowledge on the impact of climate change on the GB systems assets for application within National Grid.