Jan 2012
Electricity Transmission
Flexible rating options for DC operation
Jan 2012
Apr 2015
National Grid Electricity Transmission
Dan Morrice
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Network Innovation Allowance
Modelling the complex interactions of thermal and electrical parameters is essential if National Grid is to make a thorough assessment of tenders for HVDC cable schemes. The modelling of transient thermal conditions and the behaviour of the cable insulation under reversals of power flow will provide guidance for the development of dynamic rating algorithms and operational regimes suitable for high power HVDC cable circuits. The thermal and electrical models will be constructed in such a way that the outcomes of planned R&D work on pressure transients and partial discharge ageing can readily be incorporated at a later date.

The models will also be suitable for assessing the effect of fast polarity reversals on the cable system. This will provide guidance on more flexible operation of existing and future HVDC links. In some circumstances the opposite scenario will apply (a cable link where the direction of power flow is rarely if ever reversed). In this case the outcomes of this project could allow restrictions on cable voltage or overload capability to be lifted; again increasing the flexibility of the link.

To develop tools for the rating and technical assessment of high power HVDC cable options. The work will initially concentrate on cables with mass impregnated insulation.

To provide National Grid with techniques to evaluate continuous, transient and dynamic (real time) ratings for DC cable circuits and to evaluate the options and limits for features such as current dependent voltage control. 

Development of a tool for rating and technical assessment of high power HVDC cable options.